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The Bison site, Area B (16SA30/X16SA4), was excavated by Southern Methodist University prior to construction of Toledo Bend Reservoir (Woodall 1969). This Late Caddo site was situated on a low bluff overlooking Brown’s Bend of the Sabine River. During the excavations, Woodall (1969:29-39) identified a midden deposit on the bluff, as well as 16 burials, two large pits filled with trash (likely storage pits), a hearth, five small (38-53 cm in diameter) pits with charred deposits, and 14 post holes, possibly associated with an arbor structure. The burials included a variety of funerary offerings, including 84 ceramic vessels (identified by Woodall [1969] as Wilder Engraved, Ripley Engraved, Taylor Engraved, Belcher Engraved, Glassell Engraved, Pineland Punctated- Incised, Pease Brushed-Incised, Belcher Ridged, Karnack Brushed-Incised, Harleton Appliqued, and Cass Appliqued, along with several plain vessels), two sandstone ear spools, and 31 arrow points (Bassett and a corner-notched form). According to Jeff Girard (August 2009 personal communication), additional burials were excavated at the site by persons unknown after Woodall’s work was completed and before the site was inundated. Authors: Timothy K. Pettrula, Mark Walters, and Bo Nelson

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Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 1 of 1
Issue DateTitleAuthor(s)
Feb-201516SA30_V7Robert Z. Selden Jr.
Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 1 of 1